The word “math” comes from the Greek “math” – knowledge, cognition. Mathematics, like chess, is a way of learning to think logically, rationally. The peculiarity of mathematics is that its methods serve other sciences. For example, in sociology and psychology, survey data are statistically processed. In genetics, the distribution of features is analyzed using complex calculation models.
Some call mathematics an exact science, others call it an art. Everyone defines it by their mathematical experience and imagination. If a person has learned to sum up positive integers within a hundred, he will consider mathematics an exact science. Those who are familiar with complex numbers and non-Euclidean geometry will not agree with him.
The definition of mathematics depends on how it is treated. For those who were difficult and bored in class, it is dry and precise. Those in love with mathematics see it as art. The good news is that it’s never too late to build a good relationship with mathematics if a student wants to understand it.
Why do you need math and what does it mean to know math
Some of the mathematics used in everyday life: when you need to divide a pizza into 8 equal parts, calculate the cost of goods at a discount of 20%, choose a bag for new shoes and pants. According to the mathematician and teacher Maris Segineva, it is enough for a normal person to learn mathematics in the 5-7th grade of the school curriculum:
“It all depends on the moment when negative numbers appear in the textbook. Of course, you can see the value of minus 10 degrees Celsius on the thermometer, but in the U.S. use the Fahrenheit scale, and in general, except for the weather in the home will not be useful this knowledge”.
For clarity, what’s the difference between the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales?
There are several areas of knowledge in mathematics, and what is studied in most primary schools is more correctly called arithmetic. It is a section of mathematics that explores numbers and how to deal with them: adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing integers and fractional numbers.
“If a schoolboy knows math, he’ll do well with other subjects. He learns to think, he learns to see the whole and to assemble it from parts. This principle doesn’t work backwards: if a pupil is successful in other subjects, there is no guarantee that he will understand mathematics too”, – Maris Segineva.
It is rare in an elementary mathematics course to find problems on combinatorial science, logic and probability theory. That’s why for the majority of people “to know mathematics” means to be able to apply calculations for solving worldly problems: how many products it takes to prepare twice as much powder; how much money to give for a common gift to a birthday boy; what time to leave home to come to the beginning of the performance.
Why do you study math in high school?
According to the plan of the developers of the educational program, the graduates of the school enter the universities. In higher education institutions, they master professions in order to become practitioners or researchers in various fields. Professions in technical and scientific fields benefit from mathematics, while scientists need it.
Maris Segineva: “Modern science is based on mathematical methods. When an applicant thinks that he or she will be engaged in microbiology, genetics, psychology, sociology, linguistics or economics, in the end he or she will have to do mathematics too”.
The authors of school textbooks do not know who of the graduates will become a teacher of literature, who is a museum worker, and who is a programmer, so just in case all high school students get acquainted with algebra and the beginning of mathematical analysis. More details math 1st grade.
Solving problems with logarithms and taking the derivatives will be useful to any student of the secondary school. For future engineers and mathematicians the lessons will be helpful, because school algebra is a bridge from arithmetic to higher mathematics, which is studied at university.
Those who chose to take the math USE profile are better off not stopping and solving problems at every opportunity. Future historians, artists and musicians should study the demo basic USE in mathematics as soon as possible to know which topics to study closely and which to neglect.
Where to start a relationship with math
You can start a relationship with math at any time from math gtade 3.
The ancient Egyptian priests were only able to multiply by two, and were considered very advanced. And in the Middle Ages, mathematicians gathered in the city of Pisa for a contest of division of numbers recorded by Roman numerals. They competed, for example, on who would divide the number LXXIV in half more quickly and correctly.
Now, thanks to the decimal system of numbers and methods of working with numbers, an ordinary third-grader will give a forum to medieval teachers. But once upon a time, there wasn’t much of what today is called mathematics. More details math grade 3.
The easiest way is to find a teacher or course that will help you believe in your strength and do interesting things in mathematics: the Olympiad circle for younger children, online course, magazine or correspondence math school.
It is useful to watch videos of the popularizers of mathematics in Russian and English.
You can find inspiration in books. Biographies of famous scientists, stories written by mathematicians and manuals for beginners.